Mamallapuram is situated 58 Kms to the south of chennai. The Roman geographer Ptolemy of second century A.D. refers to it as Malange. The pallava dynasty, which ruled this area between 6th- 9th centuries A.D with their capitqal at Kanchipuram, patronised the creation of the wonderful edifices.
The monuments at Mamallapuram based of the mode of execution fall under four different categories. They are rock-cut cave monolithic free standing temples, bas-reliefs and structural temples.
Mamallapuram (Tamil: மாமல்லபுரம்), also known as Mahabalipuram, is a tourist town 60 km south of Chennai famous for its stone carvings. Mamallapuram dates back to the Tamil Pallava dynasty in the 7th-9th century. The structures here, mostly carved straight out of granite, are among the oldest existing examples of Dravidian (South Indian) architecture.